Leçons Espagnol

Thèmes

The Spanish Gender

How can we tell the gender of a Spanish noun? Let’s look at the most general rule: words that end in “a” are feminine, while those that end in “o” are masculine. Pretty easy, huh? The unfortunate thing is that it’s not always true, as our friend Arume proves when she correctly says “el tema” (the topic) and not “la tema,” which would be incorrect.
 
Y bueno ahí surge ya el tema de tengo novio, no tengo novio.
And well, that's when the topic of whether you have a boyfriend or not comes up.
Caption 62, Arume
 

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In the first installment of our series on Andalusian farmers, “Del Campo a la Mesa,” the eldest picker illustrates another exception when he says, correctly, “las manos” (the hands): 
 
Pa' ganar cincuenta euros tienes que mover mucho las manos.
To be able to earn fifty euros, you have to move the hands a lot.
Caption 21, 75 minutos - Del campo a la mesa - Part 1
 
And not only exceptions, but even some rules can complicate things. Do you know why the Mexican band Café Tacuba’s singer says “el agua,” using the masculine “el” (the) instead of the feminine “la” (the)?
 
El agua derramada está
The water is spilled
Caption 17, Café Tacuba - Volver a comenzar
 
It’s not because agua is a masculine noun.  It’s because of a rule in Spanish that says that any feminine noun that begins with a stressed "a" uses the masculine articles (el, un) in the singular forms for ease of pronunciation (similar to the way "a" turns to "an" in English).
 
This rule does not apply to the plural forms:
 
Ellos vinieron aquí, a las aguas de la Charca Larga, y había muchos seres extraños
They came here, to the waters of Long Pond, and there were many strange beings.
Caption 33, Salvando el planeta Palabra - Llegada - Part 3
 
Nor if the "a" sound is unstressed:
 
La aceituna que yo he recogido está aquí.
The olive[s] that I have harvested [are] here.
Caption 13, 75 minutos - Del campo a la mesa - Part 1
 

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To finish, let’s just say that native Spanish speakers learn the gender of words by hearing and using them constantly in real situations, not by memorizing exceptions or wondering whether the word tristeza (loneliness) feels more like a feminine or masculine thing. The more we immerse ourselves in authentic Spanish, the more we as learners can begin to “intuitively” know the gender of nouns that we frequently encounter, including those that don’t follow the common pattern.
 
Consistency is key. Stop by today, and come back every day, for your daily dose of Yabla Spanish Spanish Immersion.

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